War affected families in many different ways. It created separations and anxieties, deepened emotional bonds as well as testing them. No family was untouched by war. Whether it was losing a love one (either permanently or temporarily) to military service, or trying to feed children during the shortages of 1917-1918, most families found war tough. However, some also found that war also brought with it opportunity: workers for the national war effort brought in steady and high incomes, and some families could find they were better off than before. A National Filling Factory was established here, in Sumner Street, in 1915 - an existing warehouse was extended and converted. Its employees filled shells with TNT and manufactured fuses. They would have been drawn from the many working families in Southwark.